sufficient


sufficient
enough, sufficient, sufficiently
1. Enough functions as both an adjective and an adverb, whereas sufficient requires modification as sufficiently. As an adjective (or modifier), enough will normally serve, but sufficient is more idiomatic when a more qualitative point is being made. For example, in the sentence

• There will inevitably be concerns that the courts' powers are not sufficient for worthwhile penalties to be imposed —Bristol Evening Post, 2007

sufficient implies a stronger element of disapproval of the inadequacy than would be the case if enough had been used. Enough also has two grammatical characteristics that are not shared by sufficient: (1) enough cannot be used with mass nouns denoting quantity, such as number, supply, etc., preceded by the indefinite article; you can say a sufficient number but not ☒ an enough number, and (2) enough can be placed postpositively (after the word it qualifies), as in They have money enough for a holiday and They do not have a large enough house, which places a greater emphasis on the commodity or attribute in question.
2. Choice between enough and sufficiently when they are used as adverbs is normally determined by the degree of formality needed, sufficiently being the more formal. The main grammatical difference between them is that enough is placed after the word it qualifies when this is an adjective or another adverb: He was not firm enough and She did not sing well enough but He was not sufficiently firm and She did not sing sufficiently well. There is no difference in use when they qualify verbs or clauses: They are not working enough and They are not working sufficiently.

Modern English usage. 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sufficient — Suf*fi cient, a. [L. sufficiens, entis, p. pr. of sufficere: cf. F. suffisant. See {Suffice}.] 1. Equal to the end proposed; adequate to wants; enough; ample; competent; as, provision sufficient for the family; an army sufficient to defend the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • sufficient — suf·fi·cient adj: enough to meet the needs under the law of a situation or a proposed end suf·fi·cient·ly adv Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996. sufficient …   Law dictionary

  • sufficient — [sə fish′ənt] adj. [ME < L sufficiens, prp. of sufficere: see SUFFICE] 1. as much as is needed; equal to what is specified or required; enough 2. competent; well qualified; able sufficiently adv. SYN. SUFFICIENT and ENOUGH agree in describing… …   English World dictionary

  • sufficient — early 14c., from O.Fr. sufficient, from L. sufficiens, prp. of sufficere (see SUFFICE (Cf. suffice)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • sufficient — [adj] enough, adequate acceptable, agreeable, all right*, ample, aplenty, appreciate, comfortable, commensurable, commensurate, common, competent, copious, decent, due, galore, pleasing, plenteous, plentiful, plenty, proportionate, satisfactory,… …   New thesaurus

  • sufficient — ► ADJECTIVE & DETERMINER ▪ enough; adequate. DERIVATIVES sufficiently adverb …   English terms dictionary

  • sufficient — 01. Two hours should be [sufficient] time to finish the work. 02. Mark hadn t [sufficiently] cleaned the carpet, so we could still see the wine stains. 03. I question the [sufficiency] of a single one quart bottle of water for a half day hike on… …   Grammatical examples in English

  • sufficient — adj. 1) sufficient for 2) sufficient unto oneself ( independent ) 3) sufficient to + inf. (it would have been sufficient to send a brief note) * * * [sə fɪʃ(ə)nt] sufficient for sufficient unto oneself ( independent ) sufficient to + inf. (it… …   Combinatory dictionary

  • sufficient — adjective Etymology: Middle English, from Latin sufficient , sufficiens, from present participle of sufficere Date: 14th century 1. a. enough to meet the needs of a situation or a proposed end < sufficient provisions for a month > b. being a… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • sufficient — suf|fi|cient W2S2 [səˈfıʃənt] adj formal [Date: 1300 1400; : Latin; Origin: , present participle of sufficere; SUFFICE] as much as is needed for a particular purpose = ↑enough ≠ ↑insufficient ▪ We can only prosecute if there is sufficient… …   Dictionary of contemporary English